Python is a programming language that lets you work more quickly and more effectively. Python creator Guido van Rossum named this language after the BBC comedy series Monty Python’s Flying Circus. He is a big fan of Monty Python. Python language is easier to learn, understand and remember. Its simple syntax, dynamic typing, lack of compile steps, and built-in toolset allow programmers to develop programs quickly. Python is not only a scripting language, but also a general-purpose language. It is also object oriented language. Python is an open source system. So it has a large and active development community that responds to issues and develop enhancements.
Python’s some top technical features are :
Its class model supports polymorphism, inheritance, operator-overloading, and multiple-inheritance etc. even though with python’s simle syntaxand typing.
Python is completely free to use and distribute.
The standard implementation of python is written in portable ANSI C, and it compiles and runs on virtually every major platform currently in use.
Python provides all the simplicity and ease of use of a scripting language, along with more advanced software-engineering tools typically found in compiled languages. This combination makes it useful for large-scale development projects.
Here are some of the main things in Python’s toolbox:
- Dynamic Typing: Python keeps track of the kinds of objects your program uses when it runs; it doesn’t require complicated type and size declarations in your code. Python code does not constrain data types.
- Automatic memory management: Python automatically allocates objects and reclaims (“garbage collects”) them when they are no longer used, and most can grow and shrink on demand. Python keeps track of low-level memory details so we don’t have to.
- Programming-in-the-large support: For building larger systems, Python includes tools such as modules, classes, and exceptions.
- Built-in object types: Python provides commonly used data structures such as lists, dictionaries, and strings as intrinsic parts of the language; as we’ll see, they’re both flexible and easy to use.
- Built-in tools: To process all those object types, Python comes with powerful and standard operations, including concatenation (joining collections), slicing (extracting sections), sorting, mapping, and more.
- Library utilities: For more specific tasks, Python also comes with a large collection of precoded library tools that support everything from regular expression matching to networking.
- Third-party utilities: Because Python is open source, developers are encouraged to contribute precoded tools that support tasks beyond those supported by its built-ins.